Second Grade Objectives

The following objectives are the grade level expectations put out by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. 

Communication Arts Objectives

Develop and apply decoding strategies to "problem-solve" unknown words when reading grade level instructional text

Read grade-level instructional text with fluency, accuracy and expression

Develop vocabulary by reading, listening to, and discussing unknown words in stories using root words

Develop vocabulary by reading, listening to, and discussing unknown words in stories using classroom resources

Develop vocabulary by reading, listening to, and discussing unknown words in stories using context clues

Develop and apply pre-reading strategies to aid comprehension: access prior knowledge

Develop and apply pre-reading strategies to aid comprehension: preview

Develop and apply pre-reading strategies to aid comprehension: predict with evidence

Develop and apply pre-reading strategies to aid comprehension: set a purpose for reading

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to self-question and correct

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to determine meaning of unknown words

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to self-monitor comprehension

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to question the text

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to infer

During reading, develop and utilize strategies to visualize

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: identify the main idea and supporting details

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: question to clarify

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: retell

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: reflect

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: draw conclusions

Apply post-reading skills to respond to text: analyze

Identify relevant connections between text to text (text ideas ---similarities and differences in information and relationships in various fiction and non-fiction works)

Identify relevant connections between text to self (text ideas and own experiences)

Identify relevant connections between text to world (text ideas and the world, with assistance)

Use details from text to locate and apply information in title, pictures and table of contents

Identify examples of rhythm, rhyme and alliteration

Use details from text to make basic inferences about setting, characters and problem(s)

Use details from text to predict solution(s)

Use details from text to identify events in logical sequence

Locate and interpret information in illustrations, title, headings, captions, diagrams, charts and graphs

Explain examples of sensory details in nonfiction text

Use details from text to ask questions to clarify meaning

Use details from text to answer questions

Use details from text to identify main ideas and provide support

Use details from text to retell sequence of events

Use details from text to make basic inferences about problems and solutions

Read and follow simple directions to perform a task

Follow a writing process to use a simple strategy in prewriting when appropriate

Follow a writing process to compose a draft in written form on student-selected topic

Follow a writing process to reread and revise for audience and purpose, ideas and content, organization and sentence structure, and word choice, with assistance (W2A, W2B, W2C, W2D)

Follow a writing process to edit for conventions (W2E) with assistance

Follow a writing process to share writing

Compose text showing awareness of audience

Compose text with a clear controlling idea

Compose text with relevant details/examples, with assistance

Compose text with evidence of beginning, middle and end

Compose text with complete sentences or thoughts (declarative and interrogative)

Compose text using words that are related to the topic, and some words that are specific and accurate

In written text, space correctly between letters and words

In written text, capitalize days of week, names of towns, cities, states

In written text, use correct ending punctuation in declarative and interrogative sentences, comma in dates, and comma in the greeting and closing of a letter

In written text, correctly use describing words (adjectives) and substitute pronouns for nouns

In written text, spell words with simple patterns and high frequency words correctly

In written text, use transitional spelling, classroom resources, especially dictionary, and spelling strategies

Compose narrative, descriptive, expository, and/or persuasive texts using appropriate text features

Compose thank-you notes, friendly letters, lists, invitations

 

 

 

 

Math Objectives

compose or decompose numbers by using a variety of strategies, such as using known facts, tens place value or landmark numbers to solve problems

skip count by multiples of numbers less than 10

represent/model a given situation involving two-digit whole number addition or subtraction

describe or notate the mental strategy used to compute addition or subtraction of whole numbers, including 2-digit numbers

describe how simple growing patterns are generated

using addition or subtraction, represent a mathematical situation as an expression or number sentence

solve problems with whole numbers using the commutative and associative properties of addition

model situations that involve addition and subtraction of whole numbers, using pictures, objects or symbols

describe qualitative change, such as students growing taller

describe attributes and parts of 2- and 3-dimensional shapes (circle, triangle, trapezoid, rectangle, rhombus, sphere, rectangular prism, cylinder, pyramid)

identify locations with simple relationships on a map (coordinate system)

use manipulatives to model slides and turns

create shapes that have symmetry

select an appropriate unit and tool for the attribute being measured (size, temperature, time, weight) and to the nearest inch, centimeter, degree, hour and pound

tell time to the nearest fourth (quarter) hour

make change from a dollar

use standard units of measure (cm, inch) and the inverse relationships between the size and number of units

pose questions and gather data about themselves and their surroundings

sort and classify items according to their attributes and organize data about the items

represent one-to-many correspondence data using pictures and bar graphs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Science Objectives

 

Describe and compare the physical properties of objects by using simple tools (i.e., thermometer, magnifier, centimeter ruler, balance, magnet

Classify objects/substances as “one kind of material” or a mixture

Observe and describe how mixtures are made by combining solids

 Describe ways to separate the components of a mixture by their physical properties (e.g., sorting, magnets, screening)

Recognize that sound travels through different mediums (i.e, air,water,solids)

Describe different ways to change the pitch of a sound (i.e., changes in size, such as length or thickness, and in tightness/tension of the source)

Describe how the ear serves as a receiver of sound (i.e., sound vibrates eardrum

Describe how to change the loudness of a sound (i.e., increase or decrease the force causing vibrations

Describe Earth’s gravity as a force that pulls objects on or near the Earth toward the Earth without touching the object

Recognize  magnets attract and repel each other and certain materials

Describe magnetism as a force that can push or pull other objects without touching them

Measure (using non-standard units) and compare the force (i.e., push or pull) required to overcome friction and move an object over different surfaces (i.e., rough, smooth

Describe Earth’s gravity as a force that pulls objects on or near the Earth toward the Earth without touching the object

Describe the direction and amount of force (i.e., direction of push or pull, strong/weak push or pull) needed to change an object’s motion (i.e., faster/slower, change in direction)

Describe and compare the distances traveled by heavier/lighter objects after applying the same amount of force (i.e., push or pull) in the same direction

Describe and compare the distances traveled by objects with the same mass after applying different amounts of force (i.e., push or pull) in the same direction

Compare and describe the amount of force (i.e., more, less, or same push or pull) needed to raise an object to a given height, with or without using inclined planes (ramps) of different slopes

Compare and describe the amount of force (i.e., more, less, or same push or pull) needed to raise an object to a given height, with or without using levers

Apply the use of an inclined plane (ramp) and/or lever to different real life situations in which objects are raised

Recognize that animals progress through life cycles of birth, growth, and development, reproduction, and death

Record observations on the life cycle of different animals (e.g., butterfly, dog, frog, chicken, snake)

Identify and relate the similarities and differences among animal parents and their offspring

Observe and describe the physical properties (e.g., odor, color, appearance, relative grain size, texture, absorption of water) and different components (i.e., sand, clay, humus) of soils

Observe and describe the physical properties of rocks (e.g., size, shape, color, presence of fossils

Observe and recognize examples of slow changes in the Earth’s surface and surface materials (e.g., rock, soil layers) due to processes such as decay (rotting), freezing, thawing, breaking, or wearing away by running water or wind

Observe and describe ways humans use Earth’’s materials (e.g., soil, rocks) in a daily life

Pose questions about objects, materials, organisms, and events in the environment

Plan and conduct a simple investigation (fair test) to answer a question

Make qualitative observations using the five senses

Make observations using simple tools and equipment (e.g., magnifiers/hand lenses, magnets, equal arm balances, thermometers)

Measure length and mass using non-standard units

Compare amounts/measurements 

Use observations as support for reasonable explanations

Use observations to describe relationships and  patterns and to make predictions to be tested

Compare explanations with prior knowledge

Communicate simple procedures and results of investigations and explanations through:oral presentations,drawings and maps,drawings and maps,data tables, graphs (bar, pictograph), writings

Design and construct a musical instrument using materials (e.g., cardboard, wood, plastic, metal)  and/or existing objects (e.g., toy wheels, gears, boxes, sticks) that can be used to perform a task (Assess Locally

Describe how tools have helped scientists make better observations, measurements, or equipment for investigations (e.g., magnifiers, balances, stethoscopes, thermometers

Identify a question that was asked, or could be asked, or a problem that needed to be solved when given a brief scenario (fiction or nonfiction of individuals solving everyday problems or learning through discovery)

Work with a group to solve a problem, giving due credit to the ideas and contributions of each group member   (Assess Locally)

 


 

 

Social Studies Objectives

Explain and apply the concept of majority rule

Explain the rights of citizens

Describe the importance of the Pledge of Allegiance

Explain the importance of promoting the common good

Demonstrate a peaceful resolution to a dispute

Explain how disputes can threaten the peace in a community and how they  may be resolved peacefully

Describe how authoritative decisions are made, enforced and interpreted within local communities

Compare and contrast the habitats, resources, art and daily lives of native American peoples, Woodland and Plains Indians

Explain or demonstrate how people trade using money and bartering

Explain how to make decisions using cost-benefit analysis

Construct maps with title and key

Identify and locate the world’s seven continents and four oceans

Identify and describe physical characteristics in the world (landforms, water bodies, etc.)

Describe why people of different groups settle more in one place than another

Describe how transportation and communication systems have facilitated the movement of people, products and ideas

Describe different types of communication and transportation and identify their advantages and disadvantages

Define regions (i.e., as places that have some unifying characteristic—political, climatic, language, physical, etc.)

Use geography to explain the present (e.g., why today’s supermarkets are able to sell apples throughout the year)

Describe how needs are met by families and friends

Identify and select visual, graphic and auditory aids (e.g. graphs and charts)

Identify, select and use primary and secondary sources (e.g. diaries, letters, people, interviews, journals and photos)

Identify and select library and media resources (e.g. electronic resources, dictionaries, encyclopedias, videos, periodicals, atlases, telephone directories, and books)

Identify and select artifacts (e.g. building structures and materials, works of art representative of cultures, fossils, pottery, tools, clothing, musical instruments)